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React and Front-End software trends every react software consulting should be aware of, and what are the alternatives to React

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Front-end is a really comprehensive concept covering a lot of issues, including the design, animation, structure, and behavior of the page or web application, we could say that everything you see on the screen is due to developers using front-end technologies and the goal of these developers is to provide the best user experience possible. What is more, when we take into consideration the need for making the development process more efficient we can clearly see why were front end frameworks created.

Technology development fuel for React company

There are large numbers of frameworks available that compete to be the best tool for front-end development, yet there can only be one king – React. Despite being classified as the best framework for front-end, it cannot rest on laurels, the competition is right behind him.

We will try to give you an overview of the trends in React and front-end software development and present React’s alternatives.

What is React?

React is a declarative, efficient, and flexible JavaScript library for building user interfaces created and developed by Facebook. It is component-based which means you build encapsulated components that manage their own state, and then compose them to make complex UIs. But what really makes React so popular?

  • The use of reusable, composable, and stateful components
  • Virtual DOM that comes up with React helping to deliver a fast application in terms of User Experience
  • Components allow developers to break down complex UI. The idea of components is what makes ReactJS so unique.
  • The nature of reactive updates. When the state of a component (the input) changes, the User Interface it represents (the output) changes as well.

 
laptop There are large numbers of frameworks available that compete to be the best tool for front-end development, yet there can only be one king – React.

Front-end trends

It might be hard to track all the quickly developing technologies so below we present you a list of trends that we at DevsData believe should be looked forward to in a few years.

1. Dynamic imports & lazy loading.

It is a powerful syntax that allows loading modules on demand using promises or the async/await. You could for example:

  • Prefetch Components or Modules
  • Load the code on demand
  • Do conditional loading without the need to include unused code

This would not only bring advantages like the lower size of bundles and responses but also improve overall user experience

2. Redux and MobX.

The problem of growing front-end applications is state management. Redux and MobX are two libraries representing two different approaches to solving the mentioned problems. Redux is based on Flux architecture and functional programming. Its fundamental rules are:

  • There is only one store which is a source of truth
  • State in-store is immutable
  • Changes to the store can be only bad by actions
  • The state is updated by reducers

MobX is managing the local state within your app, with the help of TFRP (transparently applying functional reactive programming) Its fundamental rules are:

  • There can be multiple stores of state
  • Any piece of code that can change the state is called action
  • There is derivation which stands for a thing that can be derived from the state without further interaction
  • The change os states invoke updates of derivations automatically and atomically

3. Redux-Saga.

It is a redux middleware library that aims to make side effects of your application easier to manage, more efficient to execute and better at handling failures. It is achieved by the use of Generators that allow writing asynchronous code look synchronous, which is very easy to test.

4. Native mobile applications

It was observed that native mobile applications, can attract visitors, but keeping them becomes a problem. There are two solutions in the market that keep gaining popularity:

a) Progressive Web Applications

They are mobile websites that give you a user experience as a mobile native app would. It means that they look and feel the same, except you do not need to install the application on your device.

Google company states that PWA is supposed to meet 3 conditions:

  • Be reliable – It means quick loading even in unstable network conditions
  • Be fast – It means quick responses to users actions
  • Be engaging – It means that their usage should feel like it was a native app

b) Accelerated Mobile Pages

It is an open-source medium used to improve loading times and overall performance of the website eventually positively affecting user experience. This can be done thanks to the method of building web pages for static content.

5. Voice search.

More and more interactions with our devices can be made using voice, some even think that in the near future Voice interface will become a valuable alternative or even a replacement for traditional graphical user interfaces. Voice search resolves around having your device understand what you say and acting upon it. This is a more natural way of interacting with digital products, as it simulates a talk with a human.

6. Authentication reusability.

Everyone knows one of the most basic principles of software development which is DRY (Don’t Repeat Yourself), but do not get fooled. Saying that something is basic does not mean it can not have power usage. We are witnesses of evolution from reusing code to reusing whole authentication services like auth0.

7. Data security.

Data is a massive asset to hackers so it should not be a surprise that ensuring safety requires design effort across thole website from a server configuration to a front-end code. The most important threats you should keep in mind are:

  • SQL injection – It is a technique using code injection to attack your applications’ database. It can be done for example by passing an SQL code via some kind of front end form.
  • Cross-Site Scripting – This is a technique where an attacker injects the script through the website into the browsers of other users.
  • HTTP – It used to be a very popular protocol, but now, simply, it does not grant enough safety. The goto, for now, would be definitely HTTPS protocol ensuring the data, cookies, header information, are not easily accessible to attackers.

laptop If you want to conquer with frameworks like React you not only need to have something that stands out but also not have major issues.

Alternatives

There are a bunch of javascript frameworks besides React, but taking into consideration everything that Reacts brings to the table it is not an easy job to chose its alternatives. So let us take a look at some other popular front-end technologies that look to conquer for the top spot:

1. Angular

Angular is an app-design framework and development platform for creating efficient and sophisticated single-page apps. It was invented to decouple an application’s logic from DOM manipulation, and aimed at dynamic page updates.
Advantages:

  • Angular is built with Typescript which comes with great features like static typing, interfaces, classes, namespaces, decorators
  • Angular comes up not only with the tools but also design patterns to build your project in a maintainable way
  • Dependency injection of the features related to the components with modules and modularity in general
  • Angular provides a lot of tools to start crafting the application right away

2. Vue

Vue is a progressive framework for building a user interface that was designed to be incrementally adoptable.
Advantages:

  • Vue has a nice learning curve making him thanks to simple structure and well-defined architecture for keeping your data, life-cycle methods and custom methods separate
  • Vue is very flexible, you can build a complex application using ES6, JSX, components, routing, bundling all depending on you needs
  • Vue is light and fast. It makes blazing Fast Virtual DOM without minimal optimization efforts

3. Inferno

Inferno is designed to be a light-weight and blazing fast React-like Javascript library for building modern interfaces.

Advantages:

  • Highly modular with very little opinion of how things should be done, removing bloat and unnecessary overhead.
  • One of the fastest front-end frameworks for rendering UI in the DOM
  • React-like API, concepts and component lifecycle events. Switch over easily with inferno-compat.

4. Microframeworks

Sometimes you do not need all the features huge tools like React offers. It can be replaced with something significantly more modular that does cover more of your needs. Here are few microframeworks that could be a good fit to any front end developer tech stack:

  • StimulusJS
  • Preact
  • MonkberryJS
  • RE:DOM
  • Mithril
  • Stapes

Abandoned Frameworks

If you want to conquer with frameworks like React you not only need to have something that stands out but also not have major issues. It requires a great effort to meet these requirements and we have observed that some frameworks did not manage to do so. That resulted in the fall of their popularity and eventually abandonment. Ember is a good example. It used to be quite a  popular framework with scalable UI architecture baked-in from the start. The problems that caused Ember’s fall were:

  • Poor performance
  • A low number of features
  • Poor productivity comparing to rest of the pack
  • Overall bad project management including poor communication with a userbase
  • Learning curve making beginners meet pretty hard to solve problems
  • Long bug fixes times

Conclusions

With the constantly developing front-end technologies, it is a key for a software consulting company to keep track of the trends that are born. There are several websites which can help a React company follow the latest news. Being up to date not only guarantees that the company can provide its services in the most efficient way but also can provide the solutions which are standing out in the market.
programmer Everything you see on the screen is due to developers using front-end technologies and the goal of these developers is to provide the best user experience possible.

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